Scrophularia marilandica L.  
Family: Scrophulariaceae
carpenter's-square, eastern figwort, late figwort
Scrophularia marilandica image
Merel R. Black  
Etymology: Scrophularia: named in 1474 by an Italian physician who noticed the resemblance between the rhizomal knobs of some species and the tubercular condition of human lymph nodes called scrophula
Plants: erect, perennial, up to 10' tall forb; sides of stems roundly-angled and with prominent grooves
Leaves: opposite, the stalk usually more than 1/3 as long as the blade
Flowers: red/brown, 5-parted, 1/4"-1/3" long, tubular-shaped; 4 stamens, the sterile stamen purple; inflorescence a loose, irregularly-branched, pyramid-shaped cluster often 3"- 6" wide; blooms July-Aug.
Fruits: somewhat shiny capsule
Habitat: open; woods, roadsides
Conservation Status: Native
- sterile filament dark brown or purple, often longer than wide

- mature capsules 4-6(-7) mm long

- larger leaf blades often cordate

Scrophularia marilandica image
Christopher Noll  
Scrophularia marilandica image
Christopher Noll  
Scrophularia marilandica image
Emmet J. Judziewicz  
Scrophularia marilandica image
Marion Sheehan  
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