Etymology: Pedicularis: from the Latin pediculus meaning "louse," referring to the old English belief that when cattle grazed on these plants, they became infested with lice
Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-3' tall forb; stems mostly solitary; partially parasitic
Leaves: mostly opposite, short-stalked, long, finely pinnately-toothed
Flowers: yellow, 5-parted, 3/4"-1" long, tubular-shaped, upper lip entire with the hooded tip covering the 4 stamens, lower lip almost as long as upper; inflorescence a leafy, conical spike both terminal and from the upper leaf axils; blooms Aug.-Sept.
Fruits: capsule, opening at the top
Habitat: wet; meadows, prairies, marshes, shores; in limy soil
Conservation Status: Native