Etymology: Lycopus: from Greek lukos, "wolf," and pous, "foot"
Plants: erect, perennial, 4"-40" tall, aromatic forb; stems square; creeping stolon ending with a shallow tuber
Leaves: opposite, long and narrow with a pointed tip and a few shallow teeth
Flowers: white, 5 lobed, tiny, 2 stamens slightly longer than the petals; inflorescence tight, small, whorled clusters from the leaf axils; blooms July-Sept.
Fruits: 1-seeded nutlet,
Habitat: moist; meadows, marshes, streambanks, cliffs
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 4, Wetland Indicator = OBL USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos University of Wisconsin - Green Bay: Wetland Plants: Photos, descriptions, information USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"