Etymology: Helianthus: derived from two Greek words helios, "sun," and anthos, "flower," in reference to the sunflower's supposed tendency to always turn toward the sun
Plants: erect, perennial, 20"-60" tall forb; stems smooth below the inflorescence
Leaves: all opposite, usually stalkless or on a very short stalk, rough above, sparsely hairy below, narrowly to widely lance-like, base straight to broadly rounded, tip sharp
Flowers: head 1 1/2"-3" wide with 8-15 yellow rays and a yellow, 1/2" wide disk; inflorescence (cymose) one to several heads at the ends of the stiff branches, bracts (phyllaries) loosely arranged and often with reflexed tips; blooms July-Sept.
Habitat: dry woods, open places
Conservation Status: Native