Etymology: Epigaea: Greek epi for "upon" and ge for "the earth" referring to trailing growth
Plants: trailing/creeping, perennial, 1"-3" tall shrub; stems branching
Leaves: evergreen, leathery, alternate, oval to oblong with a rounded to heart-shaped base, stalk hairy and half as long as the leaf
Flowers: pink, 5-parted, 1/2" wide, funnel-shaped, fragrant, tube 1/3"-1/2" long with a very hairy throat, 2 oval bracts almost as long as the sepals; tube 1/3"-1/2" long with a very hairy throat; inflorescence a dense, short, terminal spike; blooms Mar.-May
Fruits: fleshy, round, berry-like, pulpy, white inside
Habitat: moist; bogs, forests; in sandy, rocky, acidic soil
Conservation Status: Native
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 7 USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos University of Wisconsin - Green Bay: Shrubs: Photos, descriptions, information Virginia Tech Dept. of Forestry, College of Natural Resources: detailed description and photographs Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"