Etymology: Aplectrum: Greek a for privative and plectron for "a spur;" meaning "lack of spur"
Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-2' tall forb; usually with 2 connecting bulbs, the derivation of the common name "Adam-and-Eve"
Leaves: basal, erect, elliptical, 6" long by 1 1/2" wide, the base covering the stem, gray-green with whitish veins, withered-looking, appear in the autumn and grow throughout the winter then die when flowering in the spring
Flowers: purplish, 6-parted, 1/2"-3/4" long; lip white with purple markings; inflorescence 7-15 stalked flowers in a loose, terminal, spike-like cluster (raceme); blooms May-June
Habitat: moderate moisture; deciduous woods; in rich soil
Conservation Status: Special Concern
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 10, Wetland Indicator = FAC- WIS DNR-Bureau of Endangered Resources: Detailed information on Wisconsin listed species including state and federal status, photos, etc. USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"