Etymology: Actaea: an ancient Greek name, from its wet habitat and similarity to Sambucus leaves
Plants: erect, perennial, 1 1/2'-3' tall forb
Leaves: alternate; 2-3 times 3-parted into separate, sharply toothed, oval-oblong leaflets often with some hairs in the bottom
Flowers: white, 4-10-parted, petals falling off leaving numerous white stamens; mature stigma narrower than the ovary; inflorescence a 2" ball-like, dense, long-stalked cluster usually about as wide as long; blooms May-June
Fruits: several seeded, red berry, occasionally white, on greenish, thin stalks
Habitat: moderate moisture; woods, forests; in rich soil
Hazardous: Careful, this plant is hazardous!
Conservation Status: Native
- leaves 2-3 ternately compund
- leaflets sharply cleft and toothed
- inflorescence a short, thick, terminal raceme of whitish flowers
- fruits berry-like, red
- pedicels filiform, stigmas during flowering slightly elevated above summit of ovary
Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 7 USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada"