Etymology: Campanula: Latin campana for "little bell"
Plants: erect, annual/biennial, 3'-6' tall forb; stout stems with milky sap
Leaves: thin, stalked, toothed
Flowers: blue with a pale center ring, 5-parted, 1" wide, wheel-shaped; long, curving, white, protruding style; inflorescence solitary or in a small, mostly stalkless cluster from the leaf axils forming a long, terminal spike; blooms July-Sept.
Habitat: moist; woods, streambanks
Conservation Status: Native
Floristic Rating: Coefficient of Conservatism = 4, Wetland Indicator = FAC USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos Dan Tenaglia's The Missouri Flora: Fabulous photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leave arrangement key. USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Britton & Brown Illustrated Flora - 2nd Edition (1913) "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada" Illinois Wildflowers: Wonderful photographs; detailed descriptions; color and leaf arrangement key