Authors: Mary Ann Feist, Paul Hlina, Paul Marcum, Rick Phillippe, Emmet Judziewicz
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Families: 82
Genera: 255
Species: 466 (species rank)
Total Taxa: 468 (including subsp. and var.)
Acer rubrum - red maple
Acer spicatum Lam. - mountain maple
Cicuta bulbifera L. - bulblet water-hemlock
Cicuta maculata L. - spotted water-hemlock
Heracleum lanatum Michx. - American cow-parsnip
Hydrocotyle americana L. - marsh pennywort
Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC. - smooth sweet cicely
Sanicula canadensis L. - Canadian sanicle
Sanicula marilandica L. - Maryland sanicle
Apocynum androsaemifolium L. - spreading dogbane
Vinca minor L. - running-myrtle
Ilex verticillata (L.) A.Gray - common winterberry
Arisaema triphyllum - Jack-in-the-pulpit
Calla palustris L. - wild calla
Aralia nudicaulis L. - wild sarsaparilla
Aralia racemosa L. - life-of-man
Panax trifolius L. - groundnut
Asarum canadense L. - wild-ginger
Asclepias exaltata L. - tall milkweed
Asclepias ovalifolia Decne. - oval-leaved milkweed
Antennaria neglecta Greene - field pussy-toes
Antennaria parlinii Fernald - plantain pussy-toes
Bidens frondosa L. - devil's beggar-ticks
Centaurea biebersteinii DC. - spotted knapweed
Centaurea nigra L. - lesser knapweed
Cirsium muticum Michx. - swamp thistle
Crepis tectorum L. - narrow-leaved hawk's-beard
Doellingeria umbellata (Mill.) Nees - tall flat-topped white aster
Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. - eastern daisy fleabane
Erigeron glabellus - streamside fleabane
Erigeron philadelphicus - Philadelphia daisy
Eupatorium maculatum L. - spotted Joe-Pye-weed
Eurybia macrophylla (L.) Cass. - large-leaved aster
Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt. - grass-leaved goldenrod
Gnaphalium obtusifolium - rabbit-tobacco
Helianthus sp. L. - Sunflower
Helianthus giganteus L. - tall sunflower
Helianthus hirsutus Raf. - rough sunflower
Helianthus occidentalis - western sunflower
Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) Sweet - sunflower-everlasting
Hieracium sp. L. - Hawkweed
Hieracium caespitosum Dumort. - yellow king-devil
Hieracium kalmii L. - northern hawkweed
Hieracium scabrum Michx. - sticky hawkweed
Hieracium umbellatum L. - northern hawkweed
Krigia biflora (Walter) S.F.Blake - orange dwarf-dandelion
Lactuca canadensis L. - wild lettuce
Lactuca serriola L. - prickly lettuce
Liatris aspera Michx. - rough gayfeather
Packera aurea (L.) A.Löve & D.Löve - heart-leaved groundsel
Petasites frigidus - northern sweet-colt's-foot
Prenanthes alba L. - white rattlesnakeroot
Solidago canadensis L. - common goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis L. - zigzag goldenrod
Solidago gigantea Aiton - smooth goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa Nutt. - northern bog goldenrod
Sonchus arvensis L. - perennial sow-thistle
Veronica longifolia L. - long-leaved speedwell
Impatiens capensis Meerb. - spotted touch-me-not
Alnus incana - swamp alder
Corylus americana Walter - American hazelnut
Corylus cornuta - beaked hazelnut
Cynoglossum boreale Fernald - northern wild comfrey
Myosotis scorpioides L. - water scorpion-grass
Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh. - tower rock-cress
Berteroa incana (L.) DC. - hoary-alyssum
Lepidium densiflorum Schrad. - small peppergrass
Callitriche palustris L. - vernal water-starwort
Campanula aparinoides Pursh - marsh bellflower
Diervilla lonicera Mill. - northern bush-honeysuckle
Linnaea borealis - twinflower
Lonicera dioica L. - red honeysuckle
Lonicera hirsuta Eaton - hairy honeysuckle
Lonicera morrowii A.Gray - Morrow's honeysuckle
Lonicera oblongifolia (Goldie) Hook. - swamp fly honeysuckle
Lonicera tatarica L. - Tartarian honeysuckle
Lonicera villosa (Michx.) Schult. - mountain fly honeysuckle
Sambucus racemosa - scarlet elderberry
Triosteum aurantiacum E.P.Bicknell - orange-fruit horse-gentian
Viburnum lentago L. - sheepberry
Viburnum opulus L. - high-bush cranberry
Cerastium fontanum - common mouse-ear chickweed
Stellaria longifolia Muhl. ex Willd. - long-leaved stitchwort
Crocanthemum canadense (L.) Britton - long-branch frostweed
Hudsonia tomentosa - woolly beach-heather
Lechea intermedia - large-pod pinweed
Cornus alternifolia L.f. - pagoda dogwood
Cornus canadensis L. - dwarf cornel
Cornus racemosa Lam. - panicled dogwood
Cornus rugosa Lam. - round-leaved dogwood
Cornus sericea L. - red osier dogwood
Thuja occidentalis L. - northern white-cedar
Carex arctata Boott - drooping woodland sedge
Carex aurea Nutt. - golden-fruited sedge
Carex bicknellii Britton - Bicknell's sedge
Carex blanda Dewey - wood sedge
Carex brunnescens - green bog sedge
Carex castanea Wahlenb. - chestnut woodland sedge
Carex crinita - fringed sedge
Carex deweyana - Dewey's sedge
Carex disperma Dewey - two-seeded bog sedge
Carex eburnea Boott - bristle-leaf sedge
Carex gracillima Schwein. - purple-sheathed graceful sedge
Carex granularis Muhl. ex Willd. - limestone meadow sedge
Carex gynandra Schwein. - nodding sedge
Carex interior L.H.Bailey - inland star sedge
Carex intumescens Rudge - swollen sedge
Carex lacustris Willd. - rip-gut sedge
Carex leptalea - slender sedge
Carex leptonervia (Fernald) Fernald - nerveless woodland sedge
Carex magellanica - boreal bog sedge
Carex pensylvanica Lam. - Pennsylvania sedge
Carex projecta Mack. - necklace sedge
Carex richardsonii R.Br. - Richardson's sedge
Carex scabrata Schwein. - eastern rough sedge
Carex scoparia - lance-fruited oval sedge
Carex stipata - owl-fruit sedge
Carex stricta Lam. - uptight sedge
Carex trisperma Dewey - three-seeded sedge
Carex vaginata Tauscher - sheathed sedge
Cyperus schweinitzii Torr. - Schweinitz's flat sedge
Scirpus atrovirens Willd. - dark-green bulrush
Pteridium aquilinum - eastern bracken fern
Drosera rotundifolia L. - round-leaved sundew
Athyrium filix-femina - northern lady fern
Onoclea sensibilis L. - sensitive fern
Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt. - russet buffalo-berry
Equisetum arvense L. - field horsetail
Equisetum hyemale - scouring rush horsetail
Equisetum scirpoides Michx. - sedge horsetail
Equisetum sylvaticum L. - woodland horsetail
Epigaea repens L. - trailing-arbutus
Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton - low sweet blueberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton - large cranberry
Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx. - velvet-leaf huckleberry
Vaccinium oxycoccos L. - small cranberry
Astragalus canadensis - Canadian milk-vetch
Coronilla varia L. - purple crown-vetch
Dalea purpurea - violet prairie-clover
Lotus corniculatus L. - bird's-foot trefoil
Medicago lupulina L. - black medick
Melilotus albus Medik. - white sweet-clover
Trifolium aureum Pollich - yellow hop clover
Trifolium hybridum L. - alsike clover
Vicia americana - American vetch
Quercus rubra L. - northern red oak
Halenia deflexa - spurred-gentian
Geranium bicknellii - northern crane's-bill
Ribes glandulosum Grauer - skunk currant
Ribes hirtellum Michx. - swamp gooseberry
Ribes hudsonianum Richardson - northern black currant
Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir. - spiny swamp currant
Ribes triste Pall. - wild red currant
Hypericum perforatum L. - St. John's-wort
Triadenum fraseri (Spach) Gleason - Fraser's marsh St. John's-wort
Iris versicolor L. - northern blue flag
Juncus effusus L. - soft rush
Juncus tenuis Willd. - roadside rush
Luzula acuminata - hairy wood rush
Dracocephalum parviflorum Nutt. - American dragonhead
Galeopsis tetrahit L. - hemp-nettle
Lycopus uniflorus Michx. - northern water-horehound
Monarda fistulosa - wild bergamot
Monarda punctata - spotted bee balm
Scutellaria lateriflora L. - mad-dog skullcap
Stachys tenuifolia - smooth hedge-nettle
Convallaria majalis - lily-of-the-valley
Erythronium americanum - yellow trout-lily
Maianthemum canadense Desf. - wild lily-of-the-valley
Maianthemum racemosum - Solomon's-plume
Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link - starry false Solomon's-seal
Maianthemum trifolium (L.) Sloboda - three-leaf Solomon's-plume
Trillium cernuum L. - whip-poor-will flower
Uvularia grandiflora Sm. - large-flowered bellwort
Lycopodium clavatum L. - staghorn club-moss
Mollugo verticillata L. - Indian chickweed
Monotropa uniflora L. - Indian-pipe
Myrica gale L. - sweet gale
Circaea alpina - small enchanter's-nightshade
Epilobium ciliatum Raf. - hairy willow-herb
Epilobium coloratum Biehler - eastern willow-herb
Epilobium leptophyllum Raf. - fen willow-herb
Oenothera sp. L. - Evening-Primrose
Oenothera biennis L. - common evening-primrose
Oenothera perennis L. - small sundrops
Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmel.) Rupr. - leather-leaved grape fern
Cypripedium acaule Aiton - small pink lady's-slipper
Cypripedium reginae Walter - showy lady's-slipper
Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br. - lesser rattlesnake-plantain
Malaxis unifolia Michx. - green adder's-mouth
Platanthera huronensis (Nutt.) Lindl. - tall nothern bog orchid
Osmunda cinnamomea L. - cinnamon fern
Osmunda claytoniana L. - interrupted fern
Osmunda regalis - royal fern
Oxalis dillenii Jacq. - southern yellow wood-sorrel
Oxalis montana Raf. - mountain wood-sorrel
Oxalis stricta L. - tall wood-sorrel
Pinus strobus L. - eastern white pine
Agrostis perennans - upland bent grass
Aristida basiramea Engelm. ex Vasey - fork-tip three-awn grass
Bromus ciliatus L. - fringed brome
Bromus inermis Leyss. - smooth brome
Bromus kalmii A.Gray - prairie brome
Elymus hystrix L. - glumeless wild-rye
Elymus villosus - silky wild-rye
Festuca saximontana - Rocky Mountain fescue
Milium effusum L. - wood millet
Phalaris arundinacea L. - reed canary grass
Poa compressa L. - wiregrass
Poa nemoralis L. - wood bluegrass
Poa palustris L. - marsh bluegrass
Poa pratensis L. - Kentucky bluegrass
Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash - yellow Indian grass
Persicaria maculosa Gray - spotted lady's-thumb
Fallopia cilinodis (Michx.) Holub - fringed black bindweed
Lysimachia ciliata L. - fringed loosestrife
Lysimachia quadriflora Sims - smooth loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia L. - whorled yellow loosestrife
Trientalis borealis Raf. - American starflower
Adiantum pedatum L. - northern maidenhair fern
Chimaphila umbellata - prince's-pine
Orthilia secunda (L.) House - one-sided wintergreen
Pyrola americana Sweet - round-leaved shin-leaf
Pyrola asarifolia - pink shin-leaf
Pyrola elliptica Nutt. - wax-flower shin-leaf
Anemone acutiloba (DC.) G.Lawson - sharp-lobed hepatica
Anemone americana (DC.) H.Hara - round-lobed hepatica
Anemone canadensis L. - meadow anemone
Anemone quinquefolia - wood anemone
Aquilegia canadensis L. - wild columbine
Caltha palustris L. - yellow marsh-marigold
Clematis virginiana L. - virgin's-bower
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. - three-leaved gold-thread
Ranunculus abortivus L. - small-flowered buttercup
Ranunculus acris L. - tall buttercup
Ranunculus hispidus Michx. - rough buttercup
Ranunculus lapponicus L. - Lapland buttercup
Ranunculus pensylvanicus L.f. - Pennsylvania buttercup
Ranunculus recurvatus - hooked buttercup
Thalictrum dioicum L. - quicksilver-weed
Ceanothus herbaceus Raf. - prairie red-root
Rhamnus alnifolia L'Hér. - alder-leaf buckthorn
Agrimonia gryposepala Wallr. - tall hairy agrimony
Amelanchier laevis Wiegand - Allegheny serviceberry
Amelanchier sanguinea - round-leaved serviceberry
Comarum palustre L. - purple marshlocks
Crataegus sp. L. - Hawthorn
Fragaria vesca - woodland strawberry
Geum aleppicum Jacq. - yellow avens
Geum canadense Jacq. - white avens
Geum rivale L. - water avens
Potentilla norvegica L. - strawberry-weed
Potentilla recta L. - sulphur five-fingers
Potentilla simplex Michx. - old-field cinquefoil
Prunus serotina Ehrh. - wild black cherry
Prunus virginiana - chokecherry
Pyrus communis L. - common pear
Rosa acicularis - acicular rose
Rosa blanda Aiton - meadow roae
Rubus flagellaris Willd. - Ithaca blackberry
Rubus idaeus - wild red raspberry
Rubus parviflorus Nutt. - western thimbleberry
Rubus pubescens Raf. - dwarf red blackberry
Sorbus americana Marshall - American mountain ash
Spiraea alba Du Roi - eastern meadowsweet
Galium asprellum Michx. - rough bedstraw
Galium boreale L. - northern bedstraw
Galium triflorum Michx. - sweet-scented bedstraw
Houstonia longifolia Gaertn. - long-leaved bluets
Mitchella repens L. - partridgeberry
Populus alba L. - white poplar
Populus grandidentata Michx. - large-toothed aspen
Populus tremuloides Michx. - trembling aspen
Salix bebbiana Sarg. - long-beaked willow
Salix nigra Marshall - black willow
Salix petiolaris Sm. - slender willow
Comandra umbellata - false toadflax
Heuchera richardsonii R.Br. - Richardson's alumroot
Mitella diphylla L. - two-leaf miterwort
Mitella nuda L. - small bishop's-cap
Saxifraga pensylvanica L. - swamp saxifrage
Chelone glabra L. - white turtlehead
Linaria vulgaris Mill. - butter-and-eggs
Melampyrum lineare Desr. - narrow-leaved cow-wheat
Mimulus ringens - monkey-flower
Verbascum thapsus L. - giant mullein
Veronica serpyllifolia L. - thyme-leaved speedwell
Smilax ecirrhata S.Watson - upright carrion-flower
Physalis sp. - Ground-Cherry
Physalis virginiana Mill. - Virginia ground-cherry
Solanum dulcamara L. - deadly nightshade
Taxus canadensis Marshall - ground-hemlock
Ulmus americana L. - white elm
Laportea canadensis (L.) Wedd. - Canadian wood-nettle
Valeriana officinalis L. - garden valerian
Viola adunca Sm. - sand violet
Viola cucullata Aiton - marsh blue violet
Viola macloskeyi - wild white violet
Viola pubescens Aiton - yellow violet
Viola renifolia A.Gray - white violet
Viola sororia Willd. - hairy wood violet